Risk Factors for Pityriasis capitis/Dandruff:
- Extreme weather
- Poor hair hygiene
- Stress and fatigue
- Recovery from cardiovascular conditions like heart attack or stroke
- Age- the condition usually sets in after puberty
- Having a very oily scalp – a moist environment provides M globosa with the perfect ground for multiplication and growth
What Are the Symptoms of Pityriasis capitis?
- Itching followed by scratching hence hair loss
- Flaky white or yellowish scales in the hair and areas next to the hair, like shoulders
- A scaling rash on the scalp
- In serious cases, red patches may develop on the scalp after obliteration of hair
Pityriasis Capitis Hair Loss Treatment
Treatment of pityriasis capitis mainly involves the use of antidandruff shampoos that contain active ingredients such as:
- Zinc pyriothine
- azole antifungals,
- coal and tar
- Selenium sulfide
In addition, effective topical treatment may include lotions, terbinafine, mousses containing azoles, ciclopiroxolamine, and buteneafine. If the condition is very serious, systemic antifungal agents must be combined with one of the various azoles like ketoconazole, itraconazole, and fluconazole.
To date, the mainstay dandruff treatment is ketoconazole 2% shampoo: It persists in the hair for up to 72 hours after application and is safer in infants. Other studies have proposed a combination of 2% ketoconazole with 1% Zinc pyriothine to be very effective treatment.