5 most common autoimmune diseases

  1. Lupus.

In many cases, lupus can be very difficult to diagnose because it affects so many different parts of the body. One of the most telling signs of this disease is a butterfly-shaped rash that spreads across the face in some cases. This autoimmune disease causes inflammation that can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, lungs and brain.

  1. Psoriasis.

This autoimmune disorder affects the cells of the skin and causes them to grow much more rapidly than usual. This rapid growth causes the skin cells to build up in scaly, white or silver patches called plaque. It can occur anywhere on the body and can be itchy or painful.

  1. Type 1 diabetes.

There are approximately 1.3 million people in the United States living with Type 1 diabetes. This disease occurs when the beta cells in the pancreas stop producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is necessary for the proper metabolism of sugar in the bloodstream. Telltale signs of Type 1 diabetes include high blood glucose levels, frequent urination, excessive thirst and weight loss.

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