When you do go out, be sure to wash your hands frequently — either with soap and water or with sanitizer — and stay away from people who are ill. Make sure you practice basic good hygiene in general.
2. Stay hydrated. One of the keys to a successful recovery is staying well-hydrated. Drink plenty of water — typically 2 liters (about 68 ounces) — per day. It’s also a good idea to limit caffeine. It’s a weak diuretic and contributes to dehydration.
3. Don’t eat raw or under-cooked foods. With your weakened immune system, eating raw or under-cooked foods — specifically undercooked meat or undercooked eggs — at any time after a transplant puts you at risk for severe intestinal illness.
4. Focus on protein. Eat a well-balanced diet with a few special dietary considerations. Protein is especially important to help build muscle and recover lost weight. Your doctor or a dietitian can help you figure out how much protein you need. It is possible to overdo it, however. “In order to avoid excess protein consumption, we do not typically advise you to take protein supplements,” Dr. Fatica says.
5. Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice. Anyone taking drugs which suppress the immune system should avoid these fruits because they can cause a strong reaction, says Dr. Fatica.