What Causes Thyroid Disease?
Iodine is an essential mineral for the synthesis of thyroid hormones and the normal functioning of the gland. Any disturbance in the aforementioned equilibrium can lead to hypothyroidism
(dip in blood thyroid levels), hyperthyroidism
(overdrive of thyroid hormone in the blood) or other thyroid related diseases. Further, structural abnormalities in the concerned gland can also be held responsible, as well as unhealthy lifestyle choices.
“One key factor in the diagnosis is the measurement of thyroid levels in the body i.e. Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and THS. Whether a particular case is symptomatic of thyroid is determined by if the symptoms have long persisted or is just a change in the way one used to feel previously. The disease is less likely to be present in the former scenario,” says Dr. Ambrish Mithal, Endocrinologist, Medanta Medicity.