What Is MS?
Worldwide, MS may affect more than 2 million people. Its often debilitating symptoms are caused by the body’s immune system attacking its nervous tissue. The disease has many causes and variables, but it can result in severe damage to the nervous system if left untreated.
Specifically, the body’s immune cells attack the protein myelin. This protein actually surrounds the nerve fibers that send electrical signals to other parts of the body.
When these fibers become damaged, a person may experience a wide array of symptoms. Patients may suffer from pain, vision or speech loss, lack of coordination, fatigue, and numbness or paralysis.
They can also have problems with memory and other cognitive functions. Because MS can impair so many abilities in a person, patients can find themselves quite limited in normal activities.