Are you wondering whether your child could have Sensory Processing Disorder — or wondering what it even is? To help, we’ve rounded up some of the basics on the condition, as well as key signs of Sensory Processing Disorder in children of different ages.
Sensory Processing Disorder Basics
What is Sensory Processing Disorder?
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD, formerly called Sensory Integration Dysfunction) is a condition resulting when sensory signals are received but not interpreted normally by the nervous system. As Athena Y. shares: “My 5-year-old daughter’s problem focuses mainly with touch…Her brain misinterprets certain feelings and temperature as pain or she just does not feel the pain. When she was two [her] clothing hurt her, she could not be touched; even brushing up on her just walking by would frustrate her to the point of tears. She could not stand the feeling or temperature of the water at bath time.”
Children with SPD may be hypersensitive (overresponsive to sensory stimulation) or hyposensitive (underresponsive to sensory experiences), or both. As Amy L. explains: “It varies a lot from one child to the next; most have mixed reactions, oversensitive to some things and undersensitive to others.”