7 signs of depression
- feeling sad or hopeless for long periods of time
- withdrawing from friends and family or losing interest in activities that you once enjoyed
- having a significant change in appetite
- feeling severe fatigue or lack of energy
- speaking slowly
- having problems with memory, concentration, and decision-making
- thinking about or attempting suicide, or having a preoccupation with death
Types of bipolar disorder
Although there are four common types of bipolar disorder, there are two types that are most often diagnosed.
This classic form of bipolar disorder used to be called “manic depression.” In bipolar I, manic phases are clear. The person’s behavior and moods are extreme, and their behavior quickly escalates until they’re out of control. The person may end up in the emergency room if left untreated.
To have bipolar I, a person must have manic episodes. In order for an event to be considered a manic episode, it must:
- include moods or behaviors that are unlike the person’s usual behavior
- be present most of the day, nearly every day during the episode
- last at least one week, or be so extreme that the person needs immediate hospital care