5 Different Types of Schizophrenia

Paranoid Schizophrenia

This is widely regarded as the most common type of schizophrenia. Among individuals with the paranoid-type, they commonly experience delusions and hallucinations in the form of “voices.” The delusions may involve the fact that other people are conspiring against them and or plotting their demise. They may hear voices that say mean things, curse them, and make life difficult.

In this particular subtype, individuals tend to respond very well to treatment with an antipsychotic medication. Despite the symptoms that are experienced, the people with this subtype may not appear to act bizarre or out of the ordinary – they may seem pretty normal.

People with paranoid-type tend to live pretty normal lives once their symptoms are treated. They do not experience the cognitive decline to the degree of the other subtypes and tend to be higher functioning. In general, individuals with this subtype tend to have a good prognosis as long as they take time to properly treat their symptoms.

Key symptoms:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia

DSM diagnosis:

A. Preoccupation with one or more delusions or frequent auditory hallucinations.

B. None of the following is prominent: disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior, or flat or inappropriate affect.

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