5 Different Types of Schizophrenia

Disorganized Schizophrenia

In this particular subtype, the dominant symptoms revolve around disorganization. The person will experience disorganized behavior, speech, and thinking. In other words, they will act odd, make no sense when they talk, and their thinking will be highly unfocused, nonsensical, and completely random. Individuals with this subtype tend to have difficulties performing basic tasks that are part of daily living.

They may neglect their personal hygiene and not understand that they need to take care of themselves. In many cases there is also an emotional impairment in the person in which they exhibit odd emotional responses. For example, the person may laugh or smile in a very serious situation. In other words, the emotion that they show and/or express doesn’t usually fit the given situation.

It is pretty easy to tell when someone has the disorganized subtype. They may have a disheveled appearance, behave oddly, and speak in such a disorganized manner that it makes almost no sense to the listener. They may jump topics mid-sentence or every other sentence leading to completely nonsensical speech.

This particular subtype tends to have an early onset between the ages of 15 and 25 and is often referred to as “hebephrenia” which means “during adolescence.” Unfortunately the prognosis for this subtype is pretty poor compared to some of the others.

Key symptoms:

  • Disorganized behavior
  • Disorganized speech
  • Disorganized thinking
  • Odd/bizarre behavior

DSM diagnosis:

A. All of the following are prominent:

(1) disorganized speech
(2) disorganized behavior
(3) flat or inappropriate affect

B. The criteria are not met for Catatonic Type.

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