Childhood schizophrenia Symptoms and causes

Symptoms may be difficult to interpret

When childhood schizophrenia begins early in life, symptoms may build up gradually. The early signs and symptoms may be so vague that you can’t recognize what’s wrong, or you may attribute them to a developmental phase.

As time goes on, symptoms may become more severe and more noticeable. Eventually, your child may develop the symptoms of psychosis, including hallucinations, delusions and difficulty organizing thoughts. As thoughts become more disorganized, there’s often a “break from reality” (psychosis) frequently requiring hospitalization and treatment with medication.

When to see a doctor

It can be difficult to know how to handle vague behavioral changes in your child. You may be afraid of rushing to conclusions that label your child with a mental illness. Your child’s teacher or other school staff may alert you to changes in your child’s behavior.

Seek medical advice if your child:

  • Has developmental delays compared with other siblings or peers
  • Has stopped meeting daily expectations, such as bathing or dressing
  • No longer wants to socialize
  • Is slipping in academic performance
  • Has strange eating rituals
  • Shows excessive suspicion of others
  • Shows a lack of emotion or shows emotions inappropriate for the situation
  • Has strange ideas and fears
  • Confuses dreams or television for reality
  • Has bizarre ideas, behavior or speech
  • Has violent or aggressive behavior or agitation

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