COMMON THYROID PROBLEMS EXPLAINED
The thyroid is an endocrine gland found in the neck. As an endocrine gland, it plays an important role in the hormonal system along with other endocrine glands such as the pituitary, which is located in the brain, and the ovaries or the testes.
The thyroid produces two hormones, T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine).
- Most of the thyroid hormone that is active in the body is T4.
- The thyroid synthesizes thyroid hormones from the mineral iodine and the amino acid
TSH is something that doctors often look at when diagnosing a thyroid disorder. TSH, also called thyroid-stimulating hormone, is a signal produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. It sends out the message: “Hey, make more thyroid hormones!” When TSH is elevated, this can indicate a thyroid disorder.
The most common thyroid disorders are:
- Hypothyroidism, the underproduction of thyroid hormones.
- Hyperthyroidism, the overproduction of thyroid hormones.
- Goiter, the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Several mechanisms play a role in the genesis of thyroid dysfunction. These range from environmental toxins to immune and hormonal imbalances.
There are two common mistakes made in diagnosis and in the treatment of thyroid disorders.