Narcissists are people who feed off the energy of others. They draw from people around them to boost their self-esteem. As a result, they are extraordinarily self-centered. If you have a narcissist for a boss, it can be very difficult. Narcissists are reluctant to share credit with others.
One question about narcissists is whether they are also prone to aggressive and violent reactions toward others when their self-esteem is threatened. This issue was explored in a paper by Zlatan Krizan and Omesh Johar in the May 2015 issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
The researchers point out that there are actually two subtypes of narcissism:
- One is grandiose narcissism, which is characterized by people having a high opinion of themselves. Grandiose narcissists believe that other people are interested in them, and that they should be listened to by others. One of the most popular personality tests used to identify narcissists, the Narcissistic PersonalityInventory, measures grandiose narcissism.
- The second subtype is vulnerable narcissism, in which people are self-centered, but also defensive and resentful of others.