Understanding kidney disease in children

Symptoms associated with paediatric kidney disease

Kidney disease often goes undetected in the general population, but children and adolescents are at an even greater risk due to the nature of the causes of the diseases and the ambiguity of the symptoms, experts say. Common symptoms may include:

  • Swelling (even mild) of the hands and feet and/or puffiness around the eyes caused by excess fluid build-up, to the point where the child’s ability to move around normally is compromised
  • After initial swelling, socks or a belt can leave an indentation in the skin that will persist.
  • Lack of or decrease in appetite.
  • Decreased or increased frequency of urination.
  • Long-lasting changes in the color of the urine such as unusually dark or red, which can indicate blood, and changes in appearance of urine such as extra foam that can indicate protein
  • Headaches resulting from high blood pressure
  • Flu-like Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite
  • Stunted or poor growth as compared to similar age group peers
  • Difficulty concentrating and poor school performance
  • Genetics, a family history of kidney disease.

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