2. Medicated ointments targeting immune system
While some creams are designed to help restore the original appearance of the skin by reducing inflammation at the skin level, others are designed to get similar results through stimulating the body’s immune system. This is the case when ointments made with tacrolimus or pimecrolimus (which are calcineurin inhibitors) are prescribed.
Generally speaking these kinds of treatments have fewer side effects but they may also be less effective; for that reason they’re typically prescribed to people with minor cases of vitiligo. It’s also worth noting that medical experts are currently investigating possible links between these kinds of treatments and the development of lymphoma and skin cancer.
3. Light therapy
One of the more unique treatments for vitiligo combines a substance taken from plants, known as psoralen, and photochemotherapy, or light therapy. The patient takes psoralen in pill form or rubs it into the affected area by way of cream and then has their skin exposed to ultraviolet light.
Unfortunately, this form of treatment takes time to show results; in fact, it could require up to a year, with treatments administered several times each week, for skin color to begin changing. In addition, light therapy is rarely effective on its own and is often used in combination with medication.