Sensory processing disorders occur when the brain has difficulty receiving and responding appropriately to information it receives. For instance, they might have problems with touch, spacial awareness, vision or how they interpret things that they hear. Children with sensory processing disorders often have autism or another disability too, but sometimes it can occur in healthy children. A sensory processing disorder isn’t an actual medical diagnosis and is not widely known about. Children with sensory issues can be mistakenly labeled with behavioral problems when in fact the problem is physical and comes from the brain and nervous system.
Some of the different types of sensory processing disorder are:
Tactile Defensiveness – This is when the child is extremely sensitive to touch and to the ways fabrics or other items feel on the skin. They may refuse to wear certain clothing, like nylons or stiff collars or they could hate the way sand or mud feels under their feet. This is due to the brain misinterpreting the sensation. The skin may feel pain when touched and this is one reason why children with the disorder recoil from kissing and hugging.