Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that includes distinct, sharp pains in your head. There are many treatment options, including physical therapy, that can be used to alleviate your discomfort. Physical therapy comes in several forms, all of which aim to reduce tension and lower your pain level.
Occipital neuralgia is a distinct type of headache, characterized by recurring jabs of piercing, throbbing pain on your head. The pain usually originates from the base of your skull. From there it can radiate to the back, side and front of your head. You may also experience pain in your upper neck, behind your eyes and behind your ears. Occipital neuralgia usually causes extreme light sensitivity.
The pain from occipital neuralgia is caused by irritation or damage to your occipital nerves. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, this is often the result of trauma to the back of the head, pinching of the nerves by overly tight neck muscles, compression of the nerve as it leaves the spine due to osteoarthritis, or tumors or other types of lesions in the neck.
Distinguishing occipital neuralgia from other types of headaches can be challenging. A proper evaluation will include a medical history, physical examination and diagnostic tests. Typically, diagnosis is done with a MRI or CAT scan. A MRI can show evidence of possible spinal cord impingement from bone, disc or hematoma. A CAT scan can show the spinal canal, its contents and the structures around it.