What is Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN), also called tic douloureux, is a condition that causes intermittent, shooting pain in the face. Trigeminal neuralgia affects the trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve 5). The trigeminal nerve controls sensations of touch, pain, pressure, and temperature to the brain from the face, gums, jaw, forehead, and eyes.
Trigeminal Neuralgia results in sudden, extreme, electric shocks, or stabbing pain that lasts seconds or minutes depending on the case. The pain can is felt on the face and around the lips, eyes, nose, head, and forehead. TN Symptoms may be brought by teeth brushing, putting on makeup, touching the face, swallowing, and even from a slight breeze. Attacks can vary in frequency from case to case but usually come in clusters. Some TN cases have long dormant periods between episodes.