Treatment and prevention of trigeminal neuralgia
There is no known cure for trigeminal neuralgia, but there is trigeminal neuralgia treatment.
Like most nerve pain, trigeminal nerve pain does not respond to common painkillers; however, there are certain medications that are effective in reducing the discomfort that comes with the condition. A lot of the drugs can take several treatments before they begin to work and, as is the case with many medications, there can be side effects. In some cases, doctors will prescribe a medication that will relax muscles. This can ease pain.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence issues guidelines for the treatment of nerve pain. They also support a number of surgical procedures to treat trigeminal neuralgia. The kind of procedure will vary person to person. Some people may undergo glycerol injections. These injections take place where the three main trigeminal nerve branches join together. Some patients will go through what is called gamma knife or radiofrequency lesioning. This is when a needle is used to apply heat to a certain area of the nerve to relieve the pain. Balloon compression is another procedure where a tiny balloon is passed along a thin tube inserted through the cheek and then inflated around part of the nerve to squeeze it. The balloon is then removed.